Molecular formula: C11H17NO3
Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamine class, known for its mind-altering effects similar to lysergic acid diethylamide, although LSD is 4000 times more potent than mescaline in producing altered states of consciousness. Mescaline is obtainable from peyote cactus (Lophophora williamsii) (1), which belongs to the Cactaceae family: it is slow growing in the desert zone along Texas and Mexico and has been used for centuries by the natives of Mexico and Southwestern United States for ceremonial purposes. It is also found in small amounts in certain members of the Fabaceae (bean) family, including Acacia berlandieri. Mescaline was first isolated and identified in 1897 by the German Arthur Heffter and first synthesized in 1919 by Ernst Späth: it had been used in the past for medical uses including treatment of alcoholism and depression with no notable results.